how did the puritans view god?

The Puritans were some of the first Europeans to settle in America and came fearing persecution from the Church of England. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Such an argument might object that there is no such balance in life because it is easy to see people who live their whole lives in misery and pain and die without ever being relieved of this pain. He then says that when he did reform “It pleased God in a short time to ease [him]… and [he] stood in awe of God’s judgments” (Dane, 4). What did the Puritans feel with their first encounter? Thus, because of Original Sin no human action could be inherently good; and he went on to say “your good duties can not save you, yet your bad works will damn you” (Wigglesworth, 4). The Puritans believed God had chosen a few people, "the elect," for salvation. While Puritans did not agree on all doctrinal points, most shared similar views on the nature of God, human sinfulness, and the relationship between God and mankind. Wigglesworth refers God being a “judge” several times in his poem. The Puritan view of God was of a very judgmental God who used both wrath and mercy as He saw fit. Franklin even said he’d “form’d most of [his] ingenious acquaintance into a club of mututal improvement which [they] called the JUNTO” (Franklin, 10). The Puritans define the truth as being the word of God or every verse contained in the scripture. The Puritans viewed sex within marriage as a gift of God and as an essential, enjoyable part of marriage. You'll get a kick out of this: A fascinating treatise published by the Puritans in 1616 was discovered that gives us an idea just how far back anti-entertainment sentiments go in the Christian community. Thomas Shepard said, “Your best duties are tainted, poisoned, and mingled with sin” (Wigglesworth, 4). Scholars such as Max Weber even argue that the unique Puritan work ethic permeated American culture and helped the young nation work hard to achieve economic success. The rest of humanity was condemned to eternal damnation. God predestined everyone’s fate, and chose only a select few to be saved and spend eternity in Heaven. They came to America with nothing, and within a generation or two, created a society that was well off financially. Puritanism in its essence was a movement that largely taught people to listen to scripture more than anything else. They believed God helped them through the journey. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. However, insofar as the Puritans taught and lived the Holy Scriptures, we can learn much from them. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. VAT Registration No: 842417633. The Deist God was “all-wise, all-good, [and] all powerful” (Franklin, 6). Puritans were unrelentingly harsh when it came to sin, guilt, crime, and adultery. Franklin’s thirteen virtues were temperance, silence, order, resolution, frugality, industry, sincerity, justice, moderation, cleanliness, tranquility, chastity, and humility (Franklin, 12-13). Puritans did what they could to please God, and accepted His punishment when they sinned. The Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement, with them. Therefore, it was human nature to be evil and sin and they had to live their lives by what God wanted in the hope that they were the ones God had chosen to save. This is the way most Puritans viewed their lives: in terms of what they did to please and anger God. They were followed by thousands of Puritans in the 1630s, and these Puritans left their mark on their new land, becoming the most dynamic Christian force in the American colonies. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. View Current Issue. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! God kept them safe in the battle. Puritans believed fiercely in Heaven and Hell, and that God had created both places of afterlife. First came the Pilgrims in the 1620s. Berkeley and a Masters degree from the University of Oxford. Into this Puritan society, into a Puritan family, Benjamin Franklin was born. There are always old ideas, traditional views of the way the world works that have been in place for a long time that are supplanted by new, “radical” ideas. We do not conduct our civil affairs as the Puritans did any more than we should dress or prepare food the way they did. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism; Max Weber, A History of the Modern World: To 1815; R. R. Palmer, Joel Colton, Lloyd Kramer, Martin Luther: Selections From His Writing; Martin Luther, John Dillenberger. There is no area of our life that is outside the view of worshiping God. One of the major beliefs of Puritanism, and one shared by all Protestants, was that the Bible should be translated into local languages, rather than remain in Latin as dictated by the Catholic Church. Franklin counters this by saying that no one can be “proper Judges of the good or bad Fortune of Others” (Franklin, 8), which is to say that the balance of pleasure and pain is individualistic, and no one can say that was causes him or her pain causes anyone else pain. *You can also browse our support articles here >. It wasn’t, “Okay, I’m going to spend four hours in prayer, four hours in Bible study, … Because Puritans accepted that most of them would go to Hell, it was their responsibility in the mortal life to do all they could to please God. At the same time, those predestined to be saved had the same responsibility or else risk eternal damnation. In the end, there will be a balance of pleasure and pain. Franklin said his virtues were in “every one’s interest… who wished to be happy even in this world” (Franklin, 15).For Franklin, the mortal life was all one had and it was one’s duty as a human being to become morally perfect and achieve one’s fullest potential. Thus, Franklin believed in the importance of self-improvement and virtue without God demanding a need for it. "[7] Cotton warned his fellow Puritans that breaking the covenant with God would result in a loss of his protection for his chosen. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. It allowed Franklin to believe that human beings were naturally good-natured and to place importance on the mortal life. Franklin counters this by saying “to suppose any Thing to exist or be done, contrary to the Will of the Almighty, is to suppose him not almighty” (Franklin, 6). Most people were damned to spend eternity in Hell because of Original Sin. Dancing was also forbidden because it was believed to lead to promiscuous behavior. The Puritans shared with Protestants the belief that the Bible should be translated into languages other than Latin, but were unique in their belief in predestination. Franklin really stresses this balance of pleasure and pain. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The belief that set Puritans and Calvinists apart from other denominations of Protestantism, however, was predestination. Franklin said that in these virtues there is “no mark of any of the distinguishing tenets of any particular sect. Puritans believed that it was necessary to be in a covenant relationship with God in order to be redeemed from one’s sinful condition, that God had chosen to reveal salvation through preaching, and that the Holy Spirit was the energizing instrument of … Expert Answers info According to the New England Historical Society, Puritans had prohibitions that included gambling, adultery, living with Native Americans, smoking in public, celebrating Christmas, and missing church services. In England, Puritans had a different, more controversial impact: in 1642, they helped start the English Civil War, which would culminate in the execution of King Charles I. Aatif Rashid writes on international politics and culture. They were thankful to God … Yet, Puritans believed that deep down they were all evil and only a few of them would be truly redeemed. The Puritan God was intimately involved in their lives, judged them harshly for misdeeds, and eternally damned most of them. History is cyclical. they felt victory. According to Wigglesworth, the greatest relief of Heaven “is that saints are made sinless and finally do not have to fear forfeiting God’s love” (Wigglesworth, 4). Originally Answered: What are the puritans view of god? Calvinists in England in the later 16th century began calling themselves Puritans, as they sought to "purify" the English Church, which had split from Catholicism in the early 16th century but which they deemed was not different enough. Dane was so convinced of his evil nature, he thought “that it was a greater evil to live and sin against God than to kill [himself]” (Dane, 6). Upon reading a Bible given to her by one of her captors, Rowlandson found “There was mercy promised again, if we would return to him by repentance” (Rowlandson, 5). Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Deist ideas on God and human nature were vastly different than those of the Puritans, in that they disagreed on the nature of God and the afterlife which caused them to view human nature through different scopes. The Puritans believed that since God knows all that has happened, is happening and will happen, and that everything is a manifestation of His will, that everything, including salvation and damnation, are already preordained. Another prominent Protestant reformer was John Calvin of Geneva, who had a more radical vision of Protestantism known as Calvinism. It’s either going to be done to advance our self-interests and our own well-being, or it’s going to be done to advance God and in worship of Him. One would not need heaven to make up for earthly pains, as they would have been balanced out in life. You can view samples of our professional work here. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! And not only in America. A More Balanced View; 1 Bible as a Basis. The Deist Franklin’s God was all-good and did not create an afterlife, therefore it was human nature to be good and live their mortal life to its fullest potential. Why did the Puritans view money as a social good when, as our modern view shows, it is so much more natural to view it as a person’s own possession? Deists, and for that matter Franklin, did not believe in the God of the Christians (or of Jesus being the Messiah). Company Registration No: 4964706. Franklin instead believed in pleasure and pain; pain being the misfortunes and sorrows in life and pleasure being the satisfaction of the desire to be free from pain. From one of our Ask Ligonier events, Stephen Nichols explores what we can learn from the piety of the Reformers and Puritans. They believed in God as a creator, or as Franklin refers to him a “First Mover” and “Maker of the Universe” (Franklin, 6). Reference this. Many of them became rich. Because Franklin’s God was all-good, everything created was all-good, and there was no afterlife, he viewed life (specifically human nature) differently than most people. Benjamin Franklin did not agree with Puritans views and challenged them, with his Deist views. Puritans believed that God had already determined who would go to heaven and who to hell, and that a small percentage of individuals among the population were the Elect, those predestined for heaven. The Puritans were one branch of dissenters who decided that the Church of England was beyond reform. Back in England, the Puritans had been people of means and political influence, but King Charles would not tolerate their attempt… Philosophy Theirs was an especially rigid brand of Calvinism which held that humankind is completely mired in depravity. Puritans believed God to be intimately involved in their lives, punishing them and rewarding them as they sinned and did good respectively. To impose modern cultural values on the Puritans is grossly anachronistic. The Deist Franklin did not believe that God created an afterlife for human beings, which is to say he did not believe in Heaven or Hell. Calvinists in England in the later 16th century be… These settlers had strict beliefs about the role of religion in their life and this was particularly evident in their view of Satan. He holds Bachelor's degrees in English and history from U.C. No one was exempt from original sin. Franklin believed that anyone could improve their station, both economically and morally. Unlike most Puritans, they did not seek to reform the Church of England; they thought the church was beyond help. The Puritans saw God as the awesome Father-God of the Old Testament and emphasized His majesty, righteousness, and control of the universe to achieve His just ends. Franklin furthers this by saying that even if a person lives their whole life in pain, the receive release, and therefore pleasure, from this pain when they die. Yet, perhaps the most important concept Franklin came up with in regards to human nature were his thirteen virtues. Puritans accepted the fact that most of them would be condemned to Hell. No plagiarism, guaranteed! As the Reformation proceeded through men like John Calvin and the Puritans, God renewed an interest in allowing God’s Word to direct both how we pray and what we pray. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Dane puts it as “Beating my thoughts on God’s infinite love took such an impression of my heart as that I thought I could do anything for God or suffer anything for God” (Dane, 7). He believed that pleasure was “wholly caused by Pain” and, by his definition of pleasure, therefore pleasure must be “equal, or in exact proportion” to pain (Franklin, 7). Taylor Swift endorses Joe Biden for president New England was born with the Puritan view of God and human nature and it stuck with that view for over a hundred years. Puritans had a significant impact on the United States, where many established colonies after fleeing persecution in England. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Money is ultimately God’s, not ours. They especially delighted in turning promises into prayers. The belief was that God created the universe with its many laws and then simply let it run by itself, a belief which Franklin shared. Cotton urged Puritans to "Have speciall care that you have had the ordinances [of God] planted amongst you," because "As soon as God's ordinances cease, yor security ceaseth likewise. He says, “Pain, though exquisite, is not so to the last moments of life… and ’tis quite an exquisite Pleasure to behold the immediate Approaches of Rest” (Franklin, 8). Bad news for 28,000 Disney theme park workers It was only by God’s grace that a person could be saved. The Puritans believed that by fulfilling their obligations to the Creator -- as described in the Bible -- God would bless … Because Puritans worked hard in the hopes that they were of the Elect, these colonies were economically successful. He perceives a possible counterargument against this belief as well. The Puritans prayed out of hearts saturated with Scripture. [He] had purposely avoided them… [so] that it might be serviceable to people in all religions” (Franklin, 15). Franklin believed that because God was all-powerful that “there can be nothing either existing or acting in the Universe against or without his consent” (Franklin, 6). The Puritans view of God was based solely upon the Word of God, the Bible, and was manifest in their holy living and zeal for God's Word. Puritanism originates with the Protestant Reformation, a religious upheaval that began in 1517 and challenged the religious supremacy of the Catholic Church. This belief system held that human beings were irredeemable creatures from the moment of their creation, and their only chance to attain everlasting life in heaven was through God's divine benevolence. It was because of their differing views on God that cause Franklin and Puritans to have such a different view on human nature. Another prominent Protestant reformer was John Calvin of Geneva, who had a more radical vision of Protestantism known as Calvinism. 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