advantages of object oriented programming over procedural programming pdf

We approach object-oriented programming by reviewing the dominating programming approach prior to object-oriented programming. procedural programming Procedural programming is by far the most common form of programming. Ques 2. The concepts included in Object Oriented Programming are a bit more complex than the procedural programming languages. Procedural programming: algorithmic decomposition or functional decomposition of the problem, the software is viewed as a process Object Oriented programming: decompose the problem into a set of well-defined objects, functional decomposition is addressed after the system has been decomposed into objects (i.e. Unlike in OOP, portions of the code are so interdependent that the code in one application will not be useable in another, meaning despite being somewhat similar the code for one program will not able to be carried to a new one, which OOP can do. OO made sense when compilation took days and you had to recycle compiled objects taking into account that you save time but lose storage. In object oriented programming, data is more important than function. Advantages include: 1. Object-oriented programming has several advantages over procedural programming, which is the programming style you most likely first studied. 1. An object encapsulates its attributes and methods and provides them via an interface to the outside world. 6. OOP provides a good framework for code libraries where supplied software components can be easily adapted and modified by the programmer. It does noit make sense today, and especially not with interpreter languages like php – PalDev Dec 19 '19 at 3:56 It is easy to analyze the user requirements. The main function of the program is that it makes a series of calls to these procedures in order to achieve its goal. Easy to maintain, as each procedure/function can be debugged in isolation from the rest, allowing for easy isolation of problems, in contrast to OOP which can often take very long to find the problem code. In procedural programming, function is more important than data. Compare Object Oriented Programming with Procedural Programming Concept. BASIC, Ques 3. 7. But in Object oriented Programming, we break a large program in small objects to show the behaviour and data. C++ Easier to reason about subprograms. There are many fights over which style of writing code is more optimal: object-oriented or functional programming. Capable of constructing modules. Object-oriented programming, or OOP, is a variety of languages that create instances of classes for objects. on top of objects) (i % 15)) Many of the programming languages that are in common use today support OOP to some degree. Code can be more flexible as you can change a specific procedure that gets implement… 1.3 Procedure-Oriented Programming In the procedure oriented approach, the problem is viewed as the sequence of things to be done such as reading, calculating and printing such as cobol, fortran and c. The primary focus is on functions. Procedural Programming includes different programming languages which are listed as following- Ans. Object oriented programming follows bottom-up approach. In procedural programming, overloading is not possible. That’s of course the case for all programs but we don’t group any logic in any special way - besides the doSomething function which we use to have some “on-demand” code for our click event. OOP languages are languages that revolve around the concept of an object in their code. Facilitates in tracking the program flow. Object Oriented programming is resource consuming and messy. Object-oriented programming. Since it is written for a very specific purpose the code often gets you extremely efficient and high-performance applications. In Structured Programming, Programs are divided into small self contained functions. What is a non-procedural programming language? Decreased system / software performance. Through inheritance redundant code is eliminated and existing class can be extended according to requirement. Here are the object-oriented programming pros and cons to consider. Ans. Programs written in declarative languages are usually self-explanatory, succinct, and much shorter than their counterparts in procedural or object-oriented languages. Two Types of Programming Paradigms 2. The procedural programming helps in making the task easy. # Object-oriented Programming What are the types of procedural languages? Procedural vs. http://www.biocheminfo.org/moirai/cs_magenta/prolog.html, Book: Concepts of Programming Languages by Robert W. Sebesta, Seconds edition, copyright 1993, So for the last part, taking the information from, So for starters, based on this first chart it would seem Objective-C has the highest growth rate, however it is well behind Java and C so even given current rates it would take some time for it to pass Java (about 4-5 years) and possibly a little longer for C since it currently is going up. else if (! In addition to the method or procedure name, message dispatch takes the message receiver into consideration when looking up a method. A procedural Programming is said to be the set of instructions which are being used by the computer as per the step by step requirements. Ans. Ans. One of the principal advantages of object-oriented programming techniques over procedural programming techniques is that they enable programmers to create modules that do not need to be changed when a new type of object is added. return 0; I say that extensibility is not an advantage over other programming paradigms. Object Oriented Programming supports inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction, polymorphism, etc. This is about 4 major types of programming languages and their primary advantages and disadvantages. Inheritance The last 3 diagrams show based on language type. Object-oriented programming is based on the three concepts encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. This is called encapsulation. Through inheritance redundant code is eliminated and existing class can be extended according to requirement. The third diagram, a table showing positions 21-50 doesn't give much detail, but it seems unlikely that any of these languages will take up more popularity in the coming years. Data hiding can be achieved with the help of the data abstraction and encapsulation Data hiding helps the programmers to build secure programs. for (i = 1; i <= 100; i++) Only effective for a few relatively small areas of applications, certain kinda of database management systems and some areas of AI. What Are the Pros of OOP? Write a program showing procedural programming. So we’re going to have a look at these different ways of thinking about and writing code, and where advantages between them lie. (i % 5)) • Only an object’s methods should be able to directly manipulate its attributes. But in Object oriented Programming, we break a large program in small objects to show the behaviour and data. This chapter talks about the features of Python programming language that makes it an object-oriented programming language. It is also extensible, as objects can be … This is particularly useful for developing graphical user interfaces. It is about extending functions by "borrowing" their blueprints without … Modularity for easier troubleshooting. It can also be termed as Imperative Programming or structured programming as there are similarities in the functions of these programming types. Unlike Procedural Programming where you make adjustments as you go, in Object-oriented Programming you have the majority of your program diagrammed out before you ever type out lines of code Disadvantages of Object-oriented Programming Programming Paradigms — Procedural, Object Oriented, and Functional Programming These terms come up all the time but are rarely defined or discussed. int main (void) Object oriented programming follows bottom-up approach. Most functional languages provide a nice, protected environment. It is an extension of procedural programming, and it is about hiding data (encapsulation) and avoiding a global scope. A procedural programming language is one where programs are organized into blocks of code  and called variously. 5. The objects are processed by their member data and functions. Love from Pro Programmer. Many of the programming languages that are in common use today support OOP to some degree. Advantages/Benefits of Object Oriented Programming (OOP), Project 7 - GUI Object oriented languages. It could be called “procedural” because we have multiple steps we execute after each other. Trends in programming, evident in Global software companies, have necessitated the integration of Object Oriented Programming (OOP) Paradigm into Computer Science Programming … Ans. In addition to the method or procedure name, message dispatch takes the message receiver into consideration when looking up a method. It is written in a step-by-step function, smaller programs written this way are very easy to follow. Trends in programming, evident in Global software companies, have necessitated the integration of Object Oriented Programming (OOP) Paradigm into Computer Science Programming … OOP makes it easy to maintain and modify existing code as new objects can be created with small differences to existing ones. It is also known as imperative programming BHUSHAN JADHAV Advantages of procedural programming include its relative simplicity, and ease of implementation of compilers and interpreters. A programmer can simply create a new object that inherits many of its features from existing objects. }, So these are the questions with their answers on Procedural Programming to make this topic clear to you. Generally more difficult to pick up for new coders. It could be called “procedural” because we have multiple steps we execute after each other. Advantages. The benefits of using a procedural language is as follows-, Ques 4. This helps to determine their type. Object-oriented programs hide the implementation from the end-user. Advantages include: 1. There is an example of a Pen class and a Paper class. Object Oriented Programming Procedural based programming is derived from structural programming based on the concepts of functions/procedure/routines. It is easy to access and change the data in procedural oriented programming. So I have been writing code of one sort or another for over 15 years (mostly Perl) and there is still one thing I don’t get ... what is the advantage of object oriented programming (OOP) over procedural programming (PP)? Object Oriented Programs force designers to go through an extensive planning phase, which makes for better designs with less flaws. That’s of course the case for all programs but we don’t group any logic in any special way - besides the doSomething function which we use to have some “on-demand” code for our click event. Summary … 2. The programming languages allow simple creation and editing in the variety of text editors, They help you add dynamic and interactive activities to the web pages, You can edit and run the code very fast , You will get better at coding/programming over time, They help you perform the complex tasks in relatively few steps, and they need minimum programming knowledge or experience. Overall I would hazard a guess and say that Objective-C is likely to take over the top spot in coming years and that Java and C are going to stay near the top for some time to come. Basic Concepts of HTML and XHTML, ccomputer engineeringobject oriented programming paradigmProgramming ConceptsStructured programming. printf (“%d\n”, i); References will be posted after the section in which they have been used. Nice blog it is very useful for me. Procedural programming is based on unreal world. Object-oriented programming enables you to develop large, modular programs that can instantly expand over time. Object Oriented Programming (OOP) and Procedural Programming are two programming paradigms. Object-oriented programming incorporates structure to the otherwise unstructured and dependency-heavy form of procedural-based approaches. Encapsulation (part 1): Once an Object is created, knowledge of its implementation is not necessary for its use. So although a lot of work is spent before the program is written, less work is needed to maintain it over time. I want to have an open discussion on the topic. Methods of making large programs with logical programming are yet to be developed. . The next diagram seems to simply support my earlier assertion that Objective-C is the only one going through growth spurts, the others seem to be growing only slowly, going in reverse or stagnant. It’s basic nature is in it’s name only. 1. Object Oriented Programming vs Procedural Programming . ADVANTAGES of Object Oriented Programming over other programming styles: (may be duplication) Code Reuse & Recycling: Objects created for OO Programs can easily be reused in other programs. Ans. Some of the advantages of object-oriented programming include: 1. While OOP is by far the most popular programming … Since it is written for a very specific purpose the code often gets you extremely efficient and high-performance applications. Goes in and what comes out Final year projects at Madurai 15 ) ) printf ( FizzBuzz\n! Is created, Knowledge of its implementation is not necessary for its use …. Objects can be characterized under object-oriented programming object-oriented programming • object-oriented programming methodologies benefits of using a manner. Manipulate its attributes and methods and provides them via an interface to the programmer object-oriented. Have multiple steps we execute after each other object in their code: 1 graphical! 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Contains complete and valuable information regarding procedural programming and how and codes in the program is variety... Applications, certain kinda of database management systems and some areas of AI helps programmers! Share my website link.Each and every year we are providing Cheap and best students year! Written this way are very easy to maintain, as it provides separation of duties in program. Jan 12 • resources • 8731 Views • 1 Comment on procedural programming, programs divided. These programming types come up all the time but are rarely defined or discussed come up the! And benefits etc every thing this article with us, Comment section is just for you.. These terms come up all the time but lose storage Classification Scheme Python can be accessed anywhere... Up for new coders up and until this point you have likely been assembling code blocks from beginning to in. Code gets Fizz\n ” ) ; else if ( less flaws popularity because of its implementation is called... 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