mughal literature ppt

Akbar wanted to bring about a fusion of the Hindu and Muslim cultures and in order to provide a common literature to the intelligentsia of the land, established at his court a translation department in which was employed high-ranking scholars of Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian. He seems to have been attached to Bairam Khan, who was so pleased with him on one occasion that he conferred upon him a big reward. The Mughal Empire, ... Mughals left a permanent mark on the society, culture, art and architecture of India. This credit goes to Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan and Mirza Galib. The foundation for the Mughal painting was laid by Humayun when he was staying in Persia. His compositions inspired the other urdu writer Mirza Galib, who was a famous poet of his time. PDF | On Jul 21, 2017, Sanobar Haider published Mughal Painting | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate In fact, poetry was, in medieval age, the most popular vehicle of literary expression and Muslims, both Indian and foreign, were particularly fond of it. Both Hindus and Muslims joined in this work. Owing to the patronage extended to poetry, thousands of poets, both Indians and foreigners, flocked to Akbar’s court. Mustafa Ali Turi This page was last changed on 5 December 2020, at 11:05. Abul Fazl gives extracts from the poetic compositions of the fifty-nine best poets of Persian. Later, the influence of European painting could be seen. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 538493-MDg0M Mughal architecture, building style that flourished in northern and central India from the mid-16th to the late 17th century under the patronage of the Mughal emperors. References. From their mother’s side they were descendants of Genghis Khan (died 1227), ruler of the Mongol tribes, China and Central Asia. It was essentially a movement of the people, and a large number of scholars and poets of Hindi were found in the countryside and patronized mainly by local landlords and well-to-do public. Many other courtiers of Akbar, such as, Birbar, Man Singh, TodarMal and others, were lovers of Hindi poetry. The gardens in Mughal India created a natural environment and provided exotic fruits, flowers, herbs, trees and vegetables. Mughal paintings reached its climax during the reign of Jahangir. Besides, Hindus also contributed to the growth of Persian literature. The influence exercised by his glorious and victorious reign, his well- known preference for Hindu thought and mode of life, together with his policy of complete religious toleration and recognition of merit, combined with peace, both internal and external, engendered a bracing atmosphere for the development of thought and literature. Among the notable works may be mentioned. They were regarded as models of epistolary composition and were imitated by scholars throughout the Mughal period. His father Ram Das was also a court poet of Akbar. It is no surprise, therefore, that volumes of Persian literature were produced by scholars of outstanding ability. Probably he was attached to Akbar’s court and was popularly known as the. This was possible because the Mughal emperors were great patrons of literature. Literature in Mughal Empire. The result was that many first rate Hindu composers such as Tulsi Das, Sur Das, Abdur Rahim Khan Khana, Ras Khan and Birbar. The Mahabharata, Ramayana, Atharva Veda, Lilawati, Rajatarangini  was translated into Persian. Actions. Akbar paid much attention to music and was the patron of all who practice this enchanting art. There were some other writers also who took interest in Urdu poetry and enriched the Urdu literature. The most important achievement of the Mughal age was translation into Persian of first-rate works of Sanskrit, Arabic, Turki and Greek. It gives a sight of mughal essence with the world class luxury. Another famous musician was Baba Ram Das. The Ain-i-Akbari gives the names of fifty-nine topmost Persian poets who had been patronized by Akbar. The Mahabharata, Ramayana, Atharva Veda, Lilawati, Rajatarangini was translated into Persian. Another Muslim poet of Hindi was Ras Khan, who was a devotee of Lord Krishna and an author of a large number of first-rate poems which depict Shri Krishna’s life in the woods of Vrindaban. Abul Fazl gives extracts from the poetic compositions of the fifty-nine best poets of Persian. India - India - The Mughal Empire, 1526–1761: The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. Like Babur, Akbar was devoted to music. From their father’s side they were the successors of Timur (died 1404), the ruler of Iran, Iraq and modern-day Turkey. Collaborate for free with an online version of Microsoft PowerPoint. Mian Tansen is also regarded as one of the best musician in the history of India. Abul Fazl’s Akbarnama and the Ain-i-Akbari. Presentations. He was a friend of Tulsi Das and had correspondence with him. In fact, poetry was, in medieval age, the most popular vehicle of literary expression and Muslims, both Indian and foreign, were particularly fond of it. All Time. Many other Indian fables became the miniature paintings in the Art Studio established by Akbar. No other poet of Hindi, before or after him, had a greater knowledge of child psychology than Sur Das. The Mughals are credited for bringing about a fusion of two diverse systems of music and giving birth to the national Indian music. FAMOUS PLACES IN UDAIPUR ON YOUR NEXT TRIP - Udaipur, the beautiful capital of Mewar, … Many Mughal emperors and members of the royal family were great men of letters. The Mughal period was the golden period for Hindi Poetry. Save presentations in OneDrive. Babar and Humauan were lovers of literature. MUGHAL EMPIRE MUGHAL EMPIRE Religious ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 757f2f-NWRkO He too was a scholar of a high caliber and wrote his life story. Akbar himself was a learned musician. Legend and folk tale have preserved the memory of this great saint and musician. The Ain-i-Akbari, written by Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, suggests that there were 36 musicians of high grate in the Mughal court of Akbar. The literary activities suffered during Aurangzeb’s time. There were fifteen others who, too, were supposed to belong to the first category had sent their poems to Akbar from various places in Persia. Tulsi Das is one of the most important talented figure in the whole of Indian Literature. Wurde Literatur in Ihrer Präsentation verwendet, müssen Sie diese gesondert von den Online-Quellen angeben. The most important of them was his own elder brother Abul Faizi. Abul Fazl translated into Persian many outstanding Sanskrit works, such as, the Kishan Joshi, the Ganga Dhar, the Mahesh, the Mahanand and others. The Mughal period saw great developments in the field of literature. The hotel has launched a new wing – The ‘Khwab Mahal’ – Palace of Dreams. Persian, Indian, and various provincial styles were fused to produce works of unusual quality and refinement such as the Taj Mahal, in Agra. The system and arrangement of plantation in the gardens can only be better gauged by the surviving paintings and literary sources. Some of these commentaries possess independent literary value. Among original compositions in Persian, historical literature easily occupied the first place. They were migrated from Iran to India and made the Mughal court one of the cultural centers of the Islamic world. Mughal painting is a particular style of South Asian, particularly North Indian (more specifically, modern day India and Pakistan), painting confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums ().It emerged from Persian miniature painting (itself partly of Chinese origin) and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries. The Ramayana is a masterpiece and that Tulsi Das was a great genius. Many author of Persian Literature in India produced a commentary of the Quran. The Mughals constructed excellent mausoleums, mosques, forts, gardens and cities.• The Mughal buildings show a … Abul Fazl translated the Panch Tantra (Anwar-i-Sahili) and Faizi the story of Nal-Damayanti into Persian. Remove this presentation Flag as Inappropriate I Don't Like This I like this Remember as a Favorite. History of 1000 years of Islam was composed and known as the Tarikh-i-Alfi. Throw light on the salient features of the project ? Mughal contributions to literature and Music, Development of Literature during the Mughal Period. The most important feature of the Mughal age was that literary activities were not confined to the court and the nobles. There were many in Akbar’s days that practiced it as a regular profession, while others resorted to it as a means of relaxation, or in pursuit of culture. The most important achievement of the Mughal age was translation into Persian of first-rate works of Sanskrit, Arabic, Turki and Greek. The Mughal Period was an period of growth of literature in India. Baswan, Miskina and Daswant attained great positions as Akabar’s court artists. Even the puritan emperor Aurangzeb, who condemned Abul Fail as a heretic, commended the latter’s style to his sons. Malik Muhammad Jayasis Padmavat and Keshav’s Ram Chandrika were also written during the same period. Abul Fazl translated the Panch Tantra (Anwar-i-Sahili) and Faizi the story of Nal-Damayanti into Persian. Shaikh Abu-al-Fazal-ibn Mubarak, also known as Abul-Fazl, was an extemely talented personality of Literature. Mughal Literature 9. Apart from Persian and Hindi literature, Bengali and Punjabi literature also made strides. See instructions, KPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, KPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Section - I -History and Cultural Heritage, Distinction between Indus Civilization and Vedic Civilization, Science and Technology in Ancient Period: Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology and Medicine (including Surgery), Ship- building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture, KPSC Mains Public Administration and Management, Section – I -History and Cultural Heritage, Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources, Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution, Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Science, Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations. Many albums containing paintings and calligraphy were produced during the Mughal period. Obvious as the difference may seem to us, it was not always obvious, and the border-line is blurred even to-day. The Indian Literature witnessed the golden age during the Mughal Rule. Many other collections from the pen of other distinguished essayists have come down to us and some of them are likely to yield material for a cultural history of the period. Paintings in miniature style teach us about the clothing and lifestyle of the people. Hope we have satisfied your need for KPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to KPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any KPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! The next important Hindi poet was Sur Das who was even more prolific a writer than Tulsi Das. Besides being a master of Persian, Arabic and Turki he was also a first-rate scholar of Sanskrit and a poet of Hindi and Rajasthani. Persian Literature in Mughal Period The Persian Literature flourished during Mughal Period. Several hundred verses from his pen have come down to us and are given an honored place in our poetical selections. The British exiled the last Mughal. Persian literature may be classified under two heads, namely. One has to turn to the pages of Mishra Bandhu Vinod and Ram Chandra Shukla’s Hindi Sahitya ka Itihas to appreciate the spirit of the age which was responsible for the golden period of Hindi poetry. Undoubtedly, besides water as a decorative feature of gardens, the real ornaments of gardens were flowers and trees. Persian literature may be classified under two heads, namely. Akbar’s reign was also marked by the advent of Muslim poets in the field of Hindi literature and poetry. The Indian Literature witnessed the golden age during the Mughal Rule. The most important feature of the Mughal age was that literary activities were not confined to the court and the nobles. Humayun Nama, tops the books written in his times. Akbar wanted to bring about a fusion of the Hindu and Muslim cultures and in order to provide a common literature to the intelligentsia of the land, established at his court a translation department in which were employed high-ranking scholars of Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian. Apart from painting the scenes of hunting, battles and royal courts, progress was made in portrait painting and paintings of animals. The first place among the poets of the age, both Hindu and Persian, belongs to Tulsi Das who, however, was not known to Akbar personally. • Islamic schools were attached to mosques, Khanqah of the Sufis and tombs.• Students received education free of cost. The department functioned under his personal supervision. There were many in Akbar’s days that practiced it as a regular profession, while others resorted to it as a means of relaxation, or in pursuit of culture. Another equally, perhaps more famous singer was Baba Hari Das who, though not mentioned in Abul Fazl’s list, was certainly a contemporary of Tansen and Akbar. Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. He wrote Badshah Nama. History of INDIA: Early Period History: periods 1 Prehistoric era 1.1 Stone Age 1.2 Bronze Age 2 Early historic period 2.1 Vedic period 2.2 Mahajanapadas 2.3 Maurya ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 583733-YmYxN Tulsi Das’s style varies with the subject and his characters, each of whom has a well-defined personality, live and move with all the dignity of a heroic age. The Persian Literature flourished during Mughal Period. Famous scholars received fixed stipends from the royal treasury.• Nizamiyyah ( model of madrasa) system of education was introduced.• Nizamiyyah institutes were the first well organized higher institutes of learning in the Muslim world. Baber was himself a great scholar of Persian. He is even stated to have composed some verses in that language. Apart from literary and historical works, a number of famous dictionaries of … In fact, no history of Hindi poetry can be complete without reference to the contribution of that versatile genius. It is not, therefore, surprising that Hindi poetry made a remarkable progress during his reign. It is no surprise, therefore, that volumes of Persian literature were produced by scholars of outstanding ability. Humayun got the treatise translated into Arabic. Das Kernland des Reiches lag in der nordindischen Indus-Ganges-Ebene um die Städte Delhi, Agra und Lahore.Auf dem Höhepunkt seiner Macht am Ende des 17.Jahrhunderts umfasste das Mogulreich fast den gesamten Subkontinent und Teile des heutigen Afghanistans. But in 1620, Jahangir fell sick, and so ensued the familiar quest for power. Urdu literature started developing during the last days of the Mughal emperor. The result was that many first rate Hindu composers such as Tulsi Das, Sur Das, Abdur Rahim Khan Khana, Ras Khan and Birbar. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, the Mughals dominated South Asia, and they took their art seriously. The epic is divided into seven books, describing the life of Shri Rain Chandra, the king of Ayodhya, who is looked upon by the Hindus as an incarnation of God. The Ain-i-Akbari gives the names of fifty-nine topmost Persian poets who had been patronized by Akbar. Literature of Mughal Period The Mughal Period was an period of growth of literature in India. R A Scott James – The Making of Literature It is with literature as an art that I am concerned in this book, and at the outset it should be clearly distinguished from the literature which sets out to impart knowledge or produce moral conviction. He is supposed to rank with Amir Khusrau and Amir Hasan Dehlvi, and was, thus, one of the three Indian poets of Persian whose works were read outside India. In this respect the name of Abdul Rahim Khan Khana stands pre-eminent. Another Muslim poet of Hindi was Ras Khan, who was a devotee of Lord Krishna and an author of a large number of first-rate poems which depict Shri Krishna’s life in the woods of Vrindaban. Meeting point of all the channel Single rectangular bagh Fountain at the central axis 16. The most important work is Hamznama, which consisted 1200 paintings. Download Share Share. Handwritten books and poetry were decorated with patterns, borders, and small, detailed paintings called miniatures. His contribution towards literature of Mughal period is outstanding. He made an important contribution to uplift Urdu poetry. Historical works such as Akbar Nama also remained the main themes of Mughal paintings. It is not, therefore, surprising that Hindi poetry made a remarkable progress during his reign. Abul Fazl’s Akbarnama and the Ain-i-Akbari. Among the notable works may be mentioned. The Mughal Period was an period of growth of literature in India. Jahangir and Shah Jahan were also fond of music. He is supposed to rank with Amir Khusrau and Amir Hasan Dehlvi, and was, thus, one of the three Indian poets of Persian whose works were read outside India. ITC Mughal Hotel Agra - ITC Mughal is one of the most luxurious hotels in Agra and the only hotel in India, which has won the prestigious ‘AGA KHAN’ Award for its excellent representation of the great mughal architecture. Under the first category letters and poetry occupied a prominent place. MUGHAL GARDEN AT HUMAYUN’S TOMB • The laying down of the gardens in the Persian style was introduced by Babur and continued till the period of Shah Jahan 15. Get the plugin now. The emperor’s interest in and patronage of music led to great progress in the instrumental as well as the vocal art. In fact, some Muslim poets interpreted Indian culture so successfully that if their names were to be omitted from their composition, it would be indistinguishable from that of the Hindu scholars and poets. In the northeast, the Mughals clashed with the Ahoms of Assam, whose guerilla tactics gave the Mughals a hard time. Akbar himself loved Hindi poetry. Many other Hindi poets graced Akbar’s court. Some of the important source books in history were written. Probably he was attached to Akbar’s court and was popularly known as the “blind bard of Agra”. He held a position of great importance in the court of Akbar. Akbar patronized Tansen of Gwalior. The language of Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan was very simple and impressive. PPT – The Mughal Period and Painting PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 60744f-ZGVkY. History of 1000 years of Islam was composed and  known as the Tarikh-i-Alfi. Many scholars adorned his court. Besides being a master of Persian, Arabic and Turki he was also a first-rate scholar of Sanskrit and a poet of Hindi and Rajasthani. Education In Mughal Period During Akbar Rule, Dara Shikoh’s place in the Cultural Life of India, Information on Dara Shikoh (Eldest son of Shah Jahan), Brief History of Muhammad Sultan (Mughal Prince), 6 Reasons Why the Mughal Empire Declined in India, Downfall and Decline of the Mughal Empire, Early Life of Babur (Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur), Brief History of Mughal Prince Shah Shuja (brother of Aurangzeb), Muhammad Azam Shah (Mughal Prince) – Son of Aurangzeb, Muhammad Shah | Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah (Mughal Emperor). Was an period of growth of Persian literature in India produced a commentary of the Sufis and tombs.• Students education. Without reference to the patronage extended to poetry, thousands of poets, both and! Who practice this enchanting art 1000 years of Islam was composed and known as the “ blind of. Meted by the advent of Muslim poets in the whole of Indian literature witnessed the golden age during the of... 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